Abstracts and articles contained in this course guide have been reprinted with permission.
This information is provided for general medical education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a clinician relative to diagnostic and treatment options for a specific patient’s medical condition.
The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) does not warrant the completeness, accuracy or usefulness of any opinions, advice, services or other information provided through this activity. In no event will ACCF be liable for any decision made, or action taken, in reliance upon the information provided through this activity.
Accredited status does not imply endorsement by ACC of any commercial products displayed in conjunction with this activity.
ACCF reserves the right to modify faculty and program without notice.